Cannabis vs Hemp: Differences You Should Know About

With all the recent talk of the legalization of marijuana in over half of the country, more people are talking about the plant than ever.

But these discussions also lead to some pretty bad misinformation. Namely, there seems to be a common misconception that marijuana and hemp are the same things.

And while they do share some basic elements in common, this could not be further from the truth. From their respective uses to state laws, we’re breaking down the biggest differences between cannabis vs. hemp.

Cannabis vs Hemp: What’s the Difference?
Using Cannabis

We’ll get this one out of the way: Yes, cannabis is mainly used for smoking. That is not to say that recreational enjoyment is its ONLY purpose. Far from it, in fact. Yet, it is the key reason people harvest and use the plant.

Traditionally, marijuana is ingested in one of a few ways.

First is the standard smoking method. This one likely does not need an explanation. It’s been around for thousands of years.

Next, some users tend to prefer the concentrated properties of THC oil. It contains tons of health benefits that are known to help cancer, anxiety, and seizures. In fact, THC oil can even be made into a skin cream to treat extreme cases of inflammation.

But the simplest ingestion method involves making edibles. A user creates a baked good and adds trace amounts of cannabis to the recipe.

Growing Cannabis

Cannabis is far more difficult to grow than hemp. It requires the right amount of light with the perfect temperature.

Speaking of plant growth, another key difference is size. And while cannabis and hemp look quite similar, there are some easy ways to tell them apart.

Cannabis plants are often smaller, shorter, and wider than hemp plants. If you’re looking for a distinction, think of it this way: Cannabis grows out while hemp grows up.

Using Hemp

If cannabis is known as the recreational plant, hemp is its industrial brother.

Records show that hemp has been a massive staple in everything from clothing to buildings for centuries. Thanks to its long, thick fibers, hemp extract is an ideal choice for making some of the following:

Rope
Paper and cardboard
Fabrics
Bed sheets
Plastic
Fuel
There are so many uses for hemp that it’s become one of the world’s leading resources!

Let’s look at paper production, for instance. It’s estimated that one acre of hemp can produce as much as two to four acres of trees. It’s literally a greener solution to manufacturing.

And while you’re free to ingest it, you’re not going to get the same experience as cannabis. While hemp does contain an amount of THC, it does not compare to the amount found in cannabis leaves.

Growing Hemp

Unlike cannabis, hemp is known to be far more forgiving in terms of production and growth. It requires less upkeep, nutrition, and maintenance.

Believe it or not, hemp extract is even healthy. Hemp seeds are high in protein as well as omegas 2 and 3, so sprinkle some on your salad next time you need more protein.

Cannabis vs Hemp: A Final Note
One final note: Both are technically classified as a drug. So, before you go about setting up your hemp crop, check with your state’s laws and regulations.

Each plant has its own distinct advantages. Cannabis, on one hand, is great for medical and recreational uses. In contrast, hemp is an industrial giant, playing a part in many products we love today.

Some might think of cannabis vs. hemp as a competition. However, the reality is that both are great complements to each other.

How to Recognize Gas Leakage

How to Recognize Gas Leakage

Natural gas is very harmful to the human body. That’s why it’s important for everyone of all ages to recognize signs of gas leakage. Once you recognize a gas leak, you should immediately leave the premises and contact an expert to repair a safe natural gas line in Canton, GA. This is the best way to recognize leaks in your home or business.

Smell How to Recognize Gas Leakage

 

Natural gas does not smell at all. Thankfully, the gas company is required to add a sulfur smell, “rotten egg” to the gas so you can recognize the leak. Because gas is not visible, you can not rely on your visual ability to recognize leaks and act accordingly. Thankfully, you can trust your nose. If you smell gas, leave the building immediately. It is rare that individuals can not smell so strong. For these people, there are other ways to recognize leaks.

Sound How to Recognize Gas Leakage

The gas device will make a sizzling sound when there is a leak. Believe in your ear if you hear a sizzling sound, especially near the stove and other gas-dependent devices. The sound may also resemble a high whistle. If a large pipe leaks gas, its sound will be more like a low roar. Gas appliances like stoves usually emit a hissing sound so you know when they are on and remember to turn them off.

Look

Gas leakage can often be very smooth and small so it does not pose a danger. This is very common for outer channels. If you see thick fog, water bubbling, unusual dry spots, or dead plants along the gas line, there may be leaks in the area.

Additional Safety Notes

If you believe there is a gas leak in the building, beware everyone in the place and leave immediately. Do not drink alcohol or smoke near gas equipment and do not use your phone in case of leakage. When you first find one of the gas leak indicators above, call 911 as soon as you exit the building. Make sure your second call is an improved natural gas line in Canton, GA.

How to Save for Retirement While Paying Student Loans

The whole reason you go to college in the first place is to give yourself a better future. You have big dreams to work hard when you’re young and retire early and enjoy the rest of your life without stressing things like financial stability.

So you take a student loan, so sure you’ll get a perfect job after graduation and can pay it off again without losing.

Unfortunately, life is not always so tidy and now you find that you are one of 44.2 million people whose lives are held back by federal or private student loan loans.

And retirement is getting closer from day to day.

You have three obvious choices when considering how to deal with student loans vs. retirement – and for those who know doing your homework does not stop when you throw your graduation cap in the air, there is a fourth option to consider.

1. Loan now, retire later
For many, this is the best option. Sure, this will tie up the funds for now and now – something you really need to consider if the future holds a mortgage or pram. But if you can scrape it now, you might just come out on top in the future.

By focusing on repaying student loans as soon as possible, you’ll save a lot of money you pay, which often means meaningful change.

The weakness of this approach is obvious.

More often than not, a job with a perfect high salary does not fall out of the sky once you graduate. If you find yourself in a job to do right now while you’re out of college, chances are you do not have much money to put into your student loans.

Prioritizing paying off student loans will also tie up a lot of your money for the near future, let alone a longer future. Retirement is the last thing you have in mind and if you are not careful, it will sit behind the stove for too long.

2. Pension now with minimum loan repayment
Some people choose the opposite approach.

By prioritizing savings now, you have the comfort to know that you always have a safety net there when you need them.

However, you can not just ignore student loan payments. You still have the minimum payment you need to make each month.

Moreover, the longer you wait to deal with your student loans, the more you end up having to pay interest, making this option much more expensive in the long run.

3. A little of both
This is a middle ground and many people consider this a happy medium between two extremes.

You pay a little more than the minimum on your student loan each month and then put a little into savings for retirement.

In the end, you will pay a portion for the interest, but you will also have a healthy pension.

4. Forgiveness of the loan
Forgiveness of student loans is an option that no one realizes.

While this is not a free card that is not tied to a rope, as this may be a very viable option for you to see.

Some programs offer to forgive the entire loan amount, together with unpaid interest. Others work by forgiving the remaining balance of the loan at the end of the repayment period.

You know it’s important to pay off your debts and save for the future. Now you know your choice.

3 Tips for Minimizing Stress When Packing for a Move

3 Tips for Minimizing Stress When Packing for a Move

Preparing for packing and moving in South Dakota does not have to be stressful. Here are a couple of tips that can help minimize the stress and make your move simple and easy.

Pack by Room

 

When packing up your home, it’s helpful to pack boxes by the room the items come out of. This will help make unpacking much easier. It will save time and energy to be able to deliver boxes to the proper rooms in your new home and not have to run from room to room to put things where they belong.

Labeling Boxes

When packing your boxes, there are 2 ways to keep track of what is in them. First, you can make a list on paper of each item that goes into the box. Place this list on top before you tape the box shut so that you do not have to dig through items to remember where that one item is when you are half-way through unpacking and need something. You should also put general categories on the outside of the box so that you can know what is in the box at a glance. This would be lists like “living room books” or “family room games.”

Hiring a Professional Mover

Don’t have time to pack your belongings yourself? Need help getting everything moved but don’t want to drive a moving truck? Hiring professional movers to pack and move your belongings can take a lot of the stress out of your move. Often they will provide insurance options to give you peace of mind and will take care of all the individual details necessary to get you from point A to point B.

Don’t let packing and moving in South Dakota cause undue stress. Take everything one step at a time and you will be settling into your new home before you know it.

5 Changes Come to Fleet Management by 2017

As a fleet manager, you want to keep paying attention to the ball, be informed about news, trends, and laws, and note the unexpected curve balls in the fleet management industry.

To do your work effectively, you must keep abreast of all new things to manage your budget accurately, reducing financial and safety risks and increasing your revenue.

After all, we all need to make our bosses, stakeholders, and customers happy.

I want you to be at the top of your game, so I’ve collected 5 changes that you need to observe in 2017.

Let’s go live.

1. Change of Fuel Management

It is not surprising that fleet managers that fuel costs are a major budget issue for the fleet industry.

In early 2017 the International Energy Agency predicted a surplus of world crude oil would be reduced, thus reducing fuel costs.

The increase came as OEMs and other oil producers set a stamp on oil production, which fueled their own gains.

Not suprisingly

But fleet managers take precautions to improve fuel efficiency. Some of these measures include purchasing a fuel-efficient vehicle model and reducing vehicle size without compromising vehicle performance.

Managers also implement better fuel efficiency by encouraging better driving practices.

Some drivers receive cash rewards for practicing more insightful driving habits.

2. Telematics

With telematics technology installed in vehicles this year, fleet managers are better able to manage cost increases more effectively.

Utilization of telematics applications encourages better fuel consumption decline, routing and productivity results.

Another tactical company that uses is the use of SIM cards in telematics devices as a way to lower data costs.

Whether for real-time monitoring or for scheduling, financial spending, and vehicle services, this growing trend seems to help the fleet industry.

3. Paperless document management

The world is moving toward a paperless environment for business transactions and the fleet industry is no different.

The Company deals with paper printing methods for electronic communications for purchase orders, delivery status, monitoring and reporting of vehicles.

This key process is now done electronically via email, online portals and company websites.

4. GPS Tracking System

About 30-40% of fleet companies use GPS tracking devices to manage business aspects.

Like telematics, this system helps minimize risk, lower costs, and increase revenue.

Tracking GPS components gives the fleet managers more control over their business in the following ways:

The risk of theft goes down
The driving efficiency goes up
Managers can monitor key standards such as better service hours
5. Availability of vehicles

Often: Trucks are withdrawn and vehicles require regular maintenance. Upfitter schedule can make the vehicle out of service. This inconvenience causes delays in your business, putting more pressure on you.

One of the solutions used by the fleet management company is the bailment pool program.

With fewer fleets doing their own upfitting, more companies are turning to bailing pools lately as a smart alternative to keeping businesses running.

The above article highlights five changes that go into fleet management by 2017.

What other changes do you see coming down from a pike?

How Americans Can Get Their Recipes from Canada

How Americans Can Get Their Recipes from Canada

It’s no secret that the medical costs and the American recipes are getting out of reach.

Just last year, EpiPen, which treats sudden allergic reactions (including potentially fatal), jumped in overnight prices to $ 600.

Before that, Daraprim, a drug that helps people with AIDS, rises overnight by 5,000%.

And this happens even with the many drug choices that were not there twenty years ago.

Thanks to such a steep price increase, many Americans are now considering filling out their recipes at Canadian (or even online) pharmacies from Americans.

There are positive and disadvantageous side for patients seeking outside America for cheaper treatment:

Weakness of filling in Canadian pharmacies
The first problem is the general cost.

While Canadian medicines the price may be cheaper, there are shipping and handling fees to consider.

Sometimes, the cost of shipping and handling plus drugs actually makes it more expensive than if purchased at an American pharmacy.

Then there is the US dollar fluctuating versus the Canadian dollar value.

In general, $ 15 USD equals CAD $ 20, but that can change every day.

And, of course, the drugs purchased at a Canadian pharmacy will be sold in CAD.

Another problem is technically illegal.

By law, the Food and Drug Administration must approve all drugs manufactured and sold in the United States.

Drugs produced outside the United States are outside of its jurisdiction.

Plus, while most online pharmacies are proven to be legitimate, some are found to sell low-quality drugs.

The top fills the Canadian pharmacy
Fortunately, though, the drugs purchased in Canada as a whole are much cheaper than those bought in America.

For example, let’s take the drug Copaxone, which commonly treats multiple sclerosis.

A one-month supply in Canada can be as low as $ 1200, but in the US it costs at least $ 4,500.

That’s because the Canadian government controls the price of drugs sold in its pharmacies.

This arranges costs so that pharmacies and companies can not charge whatever they want. Thus, the price must remain within a certain range.

In America, there is no regulation on the price of drugs, which is why an outrageous price increase is allowed.

Pharmacies and companies can charge whatever they want. It spelled bad news for the patient’s bank account.

So really, it’s not hard to see why American patients shop outside their home country for better prices (and in some cases, affordable) as per their recipes.

While technically illegal, the FDA is not quick to prosecute those who fill their prescriptions at Canadian pharmacies.

In general, they sometimes ignore the import of drugs from Canada, as long as the drug is used alone and the patient only has a supply for three months.

There is also an inter-state movement to allow residents to buy drugs from government-approved non-government pharmacies.

This movement is called the “I-SaveRx” program. Countries that have approved the program include Kansas, Missouri, Wisconsin, and Illinois.

Given the movement toward more options available outside the United States, it is best to consider all the options on the table while filling the recipe.

5 HRMS features that will help your business grow

5 HRMS features that will help your business grow

Human resources are an asset to any organization. The effective and efficient use of human resources is essential for an organization to achieve its desired goals. Efficiency and effectiveness can only be achieved by managing and tracking employee data such as productivity, turnover, main results area (KRA), etc.
Pre-digitizing, it is difficult to collect, organize and manage information, and the most challenging task is when one has to open a filing cabinet to get the correct file from the pile.

 

The technological boom and the emergence of the internet have made the management of human resources very easy for the organization. There are many HRMS available in the market, but the biggest challenge is choosing the best.

Here are 5 key features you should look for when choosing HRMS for your organization because the correct HRMS leads to effective employee management, which in turn will result in higher business productivity and growth.

Cloud-based HRMS

Having cloud-based software saves you money and time for any business. Cloud-based software offers real-time access to data. If not present, the employee can renew leave from home or the day before, so that his lineman manager can plan or delegate his work. The recommended model for HRMS is SaaS (Software as a Service) because it can be customized according to the needs of the organization.

Potential of Data Integration

Each organization has a large amount of data about its employees stored in various files, excel sheets and drives. So the new HRMS should have the ability to integrate all existing data in various sources into the HRMS software, and also make frequent backups for the database. This will maintain data security, and the threat of loss of information will be reduced.

Payroll and latest updates on legislation

HRMS should be able to assist in the calculation of salary and also must be updated with all the latest changes that occur in the Manpower Act. Payroll calculation is a tedious process, HRMS must provide automatic wage termination, and tax calculation in accordance with the Income Tax Law, and all other calculations in accordance with the Employment Act; such as Provident Fund, ESI etc. All tax forms must be available on the software so employees can download and guide to fill in the appropriate details.

Software Support and Security System

Information about employees is very important and confidential, so before choosing HRMS software, organizations should find out about the HRMS service provider support team. The software can face any problem at any point in time, so a proactive and efficient support team is a priority. Data security is another matter to check. Data should not be disclosed or accidentally lost from the software and must be updated with all the recent changes that occur in the employee database.

Must enable Training and Performance Management

Training and Performance Management are two important components of the HR Function. When choosing HRMS to ensure that the program supports the organization’s training needs, such as; allows managers / human resources to create, upload and distribute training materials and modules. Also, track the performance of all employees at every level. This allows managers to determine the appropriate key outcomes area (KRA) for their teams and keeps employees and managers updated, on the progress of work and the achievement of predetermined goals.

HR is the core support function of an organization and choosing the right HRMS with relevant features will help your business grow!

How to Know Your Local Dispensary is High-Quality

When Fox called Colorado “Black Market” when it legalized marijuana, should not it have been called the Green Market? As soon as the state’s law went into effect, cannabis dispensary after cannabis dispensary sprung up, showering the state with green – of the pot and the financial kind.

With all the choices in Colorado and across the country, you’ll find a high-quality local dispensary. Read on to find out how to see a store where you should be shopping more.

How to Know Your Cannabis Dispensary is High-Quality
Whether your town has one single outpost or dispensaries are now growing like you know what on each block, from a high level, they all sort of seem the same. They sell cannabis products, plus accessories, right? What else is there?

Quite a bit, actually. Here are some tips for your dispensary is a match for you:

Location, Location, Location
How far would you go for a good high?

This one factor alone can decide whether your dispensary is going to be a match. Convenience can mean a lot of things, including:

Is the dispensary close to your home, work, gym, or another facility you frequent?
Is it open hours that are convenient to your schedule?
Is the parking lot accessible?
Is the location safe? Some dispensaries have found a home in less-than-savory areas because they are the ones they cater to. But you may not want to run a gamut of homeless people or encounter drug supplies just to buy a baggie.
Fortunately, as more dispensaries join the ranks, you can search them out online. Find a site that is specifically dedicated to your state and enter your zip code. Some sites offer additional options to narrow your search as a strains or offerings (such as edibles, pipes, etc).

Keep in mind that if you’re traveling, you can use site locators, too. Just make sure to comply with that state’s rules. You may live in a state which has legalized pots, but if you do not have a medical license, you may be out of luck. (And out of pot.)

Super Selections

The idea of ​​having a wide variety (a cannabis buffet, if you will) is not necessarily a way to tell if your cannabis dispensary is high quality. But it CAN be.

It’s sort of like the jack of all trades idea. You do not want your dispensary to have so much supply that you can not help what’s in stock.

But it would also be nice if you had enough selection to sample around, try new things, experiment a bit, when the idea calls.

Is the Price Very Nice?

Price does not always indicate high quality, but it’s what some of the cooler dispensaries are doing that shows their dedication to happy customers

Maybe your local dispensary has a senior discount or contributes to charity.

Some cannabis dispensaries have specials throughout the month, buy 4 get 1 free deals, themes and giveaways, and of course, celebrations on April 20, the unofficial national pot day. (That’s 420, the stoner code.)

Meet the Cannabis Dispensary Budtenders
As fact as according to Leafly, a marijuana news site, buyers spend 90 percent of their time with the shop’s budtenders , and these folks can really make or break a store.

Budtenders are not just stoners who want a job that allows them to smoke up on company time.

They actually care about this stuff, big time, and they can really help you.

High-quality cannabis dispensaries will have high-quality help. They can answer so many questions for you about the products such as:

How much THC is in this versus CBD?
How fast does this high come on?
Is this filled with shatter?
Will this help my back pain?
Budtenders are also your go-to option to talk! Yes, they actually want to (and if they just try to take your money and rush you out the door, GO out the door, and never go back!). They’re excited to talk about new products and even share their own experiences.

In light of legalization, there are even budtender certification programs now. But do not hold this against your cannabis dispensary or your favorite worker. Most shops do not require the certification. Good knowledge and superior customer service still win the day.

Higher Quality, Higher Percentages, Higher High
Even if you’re new to cannabis, you’ve probably heard that a lot of the high points of something called a “concentration” of the cannabis.

One way that cannabis aficionados know that can get good strain (from the high-quality dispensary).

In fact, though we get bought from the streets or a private dealer may be cheaper, it is often weaker. (So ​​your money may go farther, but y

How Dungeons and Dragons Saves Lives

 

Dungeons and Dragons has come a long way over its forty year history. Since it was released in 1974, it has allowed countless gamers to go on magical adventures with their friends.

By 2004, it is estimated that over 20 million people have played Dungeons and Dragons, and that number is only continuing to grow.

While for many, Dungeons and Dragons is just a fun social past-time, the game has had an impact on a number of players in a much more dramatic way. A number of people credit their success to Dungeons and Dragons, even saying that the game has saved their life.

In this blog post, we’ll go through some of their stories.

Fostering Creative Roots
As the original open-world fantasy game, Dungeons and Dragons has always fostered creativity and imagination. Many artists, authors and game creators credit Dungeons and Dragons.

This is because the games allow you to use your imagination to solve problems. You and your friends are basically creating your own narrative within the bounds of a story and world.

It allows you to try out different character traits. You can gain empathy by considering how your character – who may be very different from you – would react in a given situation.

Countless authors credit Dungeons and Dragons with teaching them the basics of literary creation. George R. R. Martin, the author of the book series “A Song of Ice and Fire” – more widely known in TV form as Game of Thrones – played as a child.

Stephen Colbert, Robin Williams, Matt Groening (who created “The Simpsons”), and Dan Harmon (creator of the TV show “Community”)

Jerry Holkins, the co-founder of the wildly popular web comic “Penny Arcade” played Dungeons and Dragons avidly throughout his childhood and teenage years.

All of these authors and creators credit Dungeons and Dragons give them the storytelling start.

From Having Fun to Saving Lives
While being such a powerful source for creative development is pretty incredible for a game, Dungeons and Dragons means so much more so.

A number of people credit Dungeons and Dragons with having saved their lives.

In spite of the negative media that surrounded the game in its early years, many people began to play it. They were accused of being nerds, losers, and outcasts.

During the 1980s, the game was even accused of being part of a Satanic ritual.

So why did so many people play?

Finding Like-Minded Friends
When playing Dungeons and Dragons, you can not help but bond with your party members. You and a small group of people make a commitment to spend time together, meeting up regularly.

The continuation of your story together is a powerful pull to make sure that these meetings continue to happen.

Plus, you get to interact in a friendly, open environment. You know that the people playing with you are interested in the same things you are.

You do not have to feel weird about your interest in fantasy; instead, you can be completely open about what you love, because you know that your party loves them too.

Plus, even though you are only playing as characters in a story, the way you progress through the narrative helps you bond. Sure, the goblin hoarde you slayed together was not really about to kill you, but the relief that your characters pulled together and survived makes you all breathe a sigh of relief.

Throughout its history, Dungeons and Dragons has represented in popular culture.

It has brough people who may not have been able to relate to others since they could never find people who really understood them. It is especially important for people who have difficulty relating to others, such as people with autism.

Developing a Sense of Self
Dungeons and Dragons allows you to build a character that you roleplay as. This character can be anything you want. It does not have to be a reflection of who you are.

This is one of the things that makes Dungeons and Dragons so wonderful for more introverted people. They can try on the traits of another person, say things that they would never say.

A shy teenager can become a courageous warrior, a powerful barbarian, a mysterious ranger, or a wise-cracking rogue. They can try out other ways of acting in a safe environment.

Any embarrassment for saying something stupid or doing the wrong thing falls on the character, not the player, so there is no need to be anxious.

While some may sound like simple wish fulfillment, it actually has strong psychological effects. The game improves social skills, communication, teamwork, and problem solving by creating a non-threatening environment for experimentation.

All of this helps someone develop a stronger sense of self and confidence.

Many people as a journalist Levi Miles has written about how Dungeons and Dragons increase

Quite Enough: When to Get Minimally Invasive Spinal Surgery

 

If you have back pain, you know how it can change your overall perspective.

If the pain is intermittent or insufficient to get you up at night, simply make regular visits to a chiropractor, massage or seek other treatments to reduce the pain.

But that’s another story when the pain interrupts every aspect of your life.

When is the time to consider surgery?
Advances in medicine and technology have enabled people with severe back pain to gain relief through minimally invasive surgery (MIS).

If other conservative treatments fail to work and your pain continues and paralyzes, back surgery can be the right choice.

The compressed nerves in your spine can cause pain or numbness that go down one or both arms and legs. Back surgery will often relieve it.

But how does the nerve become compressed? Well, that could be some situations:

Problems with your disk

Between each spinal cord is a rubber cushion called a disc.

When one of these discs protrudes or ruptures (also known as a hernia), it can press too tightly against the spinal cord and affect its function.

Excessive growth

If you have osteoarthritis, this can cause bony bulge in your spine.

This excess bone can narrow down the amount of space available so that the nerves pass through the openings in your spine.

Once you have the diagnosis, you want to understand your situation completely.
You will also benefit by developing a positive attitude. You can do this by:

Ask as many questions as possible (no such thing as too many)
Know what the proposed operation should do, how it will be done and what will happen afterwards
Ask if your doctor can provide you with written information or direct you to books, brochures, websites or videos where you can learn more about your condition and recommended procedures
Given the risk of not undergoing surgery – such as ongoing pain, further nerve damage, or even permanent disability
Ultimately, when faced with minimally invasive surgery options, you need to ask yourself what impact your condition has on the quality of your life. How will it be affected if you do not have surgery?

Many MIS surgical procedures do not require muscle or soft tissue cutting.

And many types of spinal abnormalities are now treated using MIS surgical procedures including discectomy, laminotomy, laminectomy, decompression, spinal fusion, and instrumentation.

MIS operations can:

help shorten stay in the hospital
reduce blood loss during surgery
reduce the risk of infection
reduce muscle and tissue injury
reducing postoperative pain and the need for pain medication
Plus, there is usually a smaller scar, faster healing, and rapid return to normal activity.

Still, you’ll want to consider all your options.

The spinal surgeon may have different opinions about when to operate, what type of surgery should be performed, or whether the surgery even matches your interests.